The Montessori Pink Tower and Why It is Pink!

A child engaged in stacking pink tower cubes with intense focus.

The Montessori philosophy, pioneered by Dr. Maria Montessori, emphasizes the importance of hands-on learning in early childhood development. It encourages children to actively explore their environment and learn through their senses. Among its many unique materials, the Pink Tower stands out as a classic and iconic Montessori material.

What is the Pink Tower?

The Pink Tower is a fundamental Montessori material designed by Dr. Maria Montessori to help children develop their visual discrimination skills. It consists of 10 wooden cubes ranging in size from 1 cm³ to 10 cm³, all painted pink and identical in color, shape, and texture. 

This uniformity allows children to focus on size differences, helping in the development of skills like hand-eye coordination, fine motor movements, and a visual understanding of dimension.

Beyond Sensory Exploration

The cubes progressively increase in size, with each cube being a little larger than the previous one. This progression allows children to visually perceive and understand the concept of size gradation in a concrete and tangible way.

The Pink Tower serves as a sensorial activity that indirectly prepares children for language and math concepts. It fosters self-correction, and enhances skills like concentration and precision too. 

Its pink color was chosen based on Dr. Montessori’s observation that children were more attracted to pink compared to other colors.

Montessori Pink Tower set, comprising 10 wooden cubes of varying sizes painted in pink.

Learning with Self-Correction

In Montessori education, the concept of “control of error” is fundamental. 

The Pink Tower itself embodies this principle as it provides inherent feedback to the child. If a cube is misplaced or stacked incorrectly, the tower will not stand upright or will appear uneven. 

This immediate visual feedback allows the child to self-correct without the need for external intervention. By engaging in this self-correction process, children develop their problem-solving skills, attention to detail, and independence. 

The control of error present in the Pink Tower encourages children to refine their movements and spatial awareness while fostering a sense of autonomy and mastery over their learning experiences.

Benefits of the Pink Tower

The Pink Tower, a seemingly simple Montessori material, offers a wealth of benefits for young children, fostering their development in various areas:

  1. Sensory Boost: Refines visual discrimination and 3D size perception. The uniform pink color allows them to focus on subtle size differences, fostering spatial awareness and visual acuity.
  2. Fine Motor Mastery: Stacking and arranging the cubes improves hand-eye coordination, dexterity, and grasp strength. These precise movements not only refine motor skills but also enhance their ability to control objects with greater precision.
  3. Cognitive Spark: Building the tower is more than just physical, it’s a mental challenge. Arranging cubes in order promotes logical thinking and sequencing as they solve problems, analyze patterns, and strategize to complete the tower.
  4. Mathematical Foundation: Introduces foundational mathematical concepts like volume, measurement, and order. Children learn to compare sizes, identify patterns, and grasp spatial relationships, laying a strong foundation for future math learning.
  5. Focus & Independence: Working with the tower fosters concentration, perseverance, and independence. Children learn to focus intently and experience a sense of accomplishment upon completing the tower independently, boosting their confidence and nurturing their growing independence.

The Pink Tower Works As “Indirect Preparation”

In The Absorbent Mind, Montessori says, “Children feel a special interest for those things already rendered familiar to them (by absorption) in the earlier period. On these they can focus their minds with great ease.”  

She emphasizes that working with the Pink Tower in their early years creates positive connections, supporting a sense of familiarity and potentially a desire for similar materials used later for more advanced learning.

The Pink Tower is helpful material for learning in many ways, even though it doesn’t directly teach specific subjects. It helps young children develop their fine motor skills by letting them carefully move the blocks around. 

It also helps them learn new words like “small,” “smaller,” and “smallest” by using them to describe the blocks. This kind of language exposure helps them learn more words, write better, and read better too.

The Pink Tower indirectly introduces the Decimal System, as the child works with 10 cubes which represents the numbers 1-10. It also introduces children to the concept of cube roots. 

A child is working on the Montessori Pink Tower with her teacher observing nearby.


What is the pink tower in Montessori?

The Pink Tower in Montessori refers to a set of 10 wooden cubes painted pink, ranging in size from 1 cm³ to 10 cm³. It’s a fundamental material designed by Dr. Maria Montessori to help children in developing visual discrimination skills and enhancing sensory exploration in early childhood development.

The purpose of the Pink Tower is to help children refine their sensory perception, particularly visual discrimination, and develop skills like hand-eye coordination, fine motor movements, and spatial awareness. Children learn to differentiate sizes and gradually understand the concept of size gradation in a concrete and tangible way.

Dr. Montessori’s observed that children are naturally attracted to pink compared to other colors. The choice of pink enhances children’s engagement with the material, making the learning experience more enjoyable and stimulating.

Sony Vasandani, B.Com, M.Ed

Founder & CEO of: Sunshine Teachers’ Training, The Academy of Montessori, Smart Preschool Business.